学术写作中如何精确使用形容词

由于中英文思维差异,往往让我们很难精确想出那个最合适的形容词,比如更大,是bigger, larger, greater? Papergoing的外籍润色专家在编辑英文论文中发现大量的类似混淆词,因此我们今天总结了常用的学术写作易混淆形容词,希望对大家的英文论文写作有帮助。

 

 

1.表示物理物体更大,用bigger, larger

举例: Many of liner shipping companies continue increasing size of their vessels, as larger vessels provide lower voyage costs per container due to their economies ofscale.
(来自文章:The Vessel Scheduling Problem in a Liner Shipping Route with Heterogeneous Fleet)

 

2.表示高度或位置更高,用higher

举例: It is shown that bridge cross sections with a seaward slope (the landward side of the bridge cross section is higher than the seaward side, so the tsunami travels landward) can be beneficial in reducing the uplift force.
(来自文章:Estimation of Cascadia local tsunami loads on Pacific Northwest bridge superstructures)

 

3.表示数量或数值更大,用greater

举例: The larger ρd value of test specimen, the greater shear strength measured.
(来自文章:Coefficient of Earth Pressure at Rest of a Saturated Artificially Mixed Soil from Oedometer Tests)

 

4.表示时间或长度更长,用longer

举例: For this reason, the strand with a shorter embedment length exhibited a higher bond strength than that with a longer length.
(来自文章:Bond Behavior of Pretensioned Strand Embedded in Ultra-HighPerformance Fiber-Reinforced Concrete.)

 

Papergoing将会继续分享在论文润色中得到的启发,欢迎关注。

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